Social psychology quiz 1 – people who watch violent

Question

Social Psychology
1
. People who watch violent television shows view the world as more dangerous. Which of the following explains this effect?
a
. Violence becomes a salient stimulus for them.
b
. They become more aggressive by watching such shows.
c
. They develop a false consensus bias after watching the shows.
d
. People become less belligerent by watching such shows.
2
. You like your refrigerator because of the features that it offers. This attitude toward the
refrigerator is determined by your _____
.
a
. affect
b
. behavior
c
. feeling
d
. cognition
3
. Lewin’s equation indicates that _____.
a
. a person’s success of failure is not a function of his personal characteristics
b
. behavior of a person is a function of person variables and situation variables
c
. people are born with skills and they can use these skills under all circumstances
d
. social situation is not a strong influence in determining person characteristics
4
. Individuals have a tendency to affiliate with, accept, and be accepted by the people
around them
. This tendency refers to their _____.
a
. self-concern
b
. social power
c
. self esteem
d
. other-concern
5
. Likeliness of cognitive dissonance is reduced if people _____.
a
. fail constantly in various facets of life
b
. can find strong external justifications for their actions.
c
. can internally attribute their achievements and failures
d
. fail to show justice to their abilities
6
. The members of a society tend to behave in ways that are shared by other members and
perceived by them as appropriate
. Such shared beliefs are referred to as _____.
a
. other-concerns
b
. culture blocks
c
. social norms
d
. collectivist ideals

7. Which of the following is the major goal of intimidation strategy?
a
. Creating fear
b
. Creating respect
c
. Creating guilt
d
. Creating pity
8
. You often think about the people around you. You also create knowledge about them by
understanding them
. This process is referred to as _____.
a
. social cognition
b
. kin selection
c
. evolutionary adaptation
d
. social screening
9
. Powell is in a state of gloominess after failing in a test that he took recently. He feels
intensely worried for a short period of time
. The feelings that Powell is experiencing is
an example of a(n) _____
.
a
. emotion
b
. affect
c
. cognition
d
. mood
10
. Which of the following country’s people will most likely have high public self
consciousness?
a
. USA
b
. Canada
c
. Japan
d
. France
11
. An organization decides to conduct an experimental research to identify the factors that
influence productivity in an organization
. In this study, productivity is a(n) _____ variable.
a
. dependent
b
. independent
c
. causal
d
. common-causal
12
. Which of the following could initiate automatic cognition?
a
. A new project that you undertake
b
. A routine job that you perform at work
c
. A game that is based on logical interpretation
d
. A problem based on multiple concepts 2

13. A group of students was asked to play a racing game. Another group was asked to play a
slow moving game that simulates every day activities of human beings
. After playing the
game, the group that played the racing game seemed more active than the group worked
on the simulation
. Which of the following has caused this occurrence?
a
. Priming
b
. Controlled cognition
c
. False consensus
d
. False imagery
14
. Which of the following statements is true about suppressing our emotions to deal
with a negative affect?
a
. Avoidance is a better strategy than this.
b
. It prevents negative emotions from shooting back.
c
. It might work out only for a short while.
d
. It provides a long term solution to negative affects. 

15. A group of research participants were divided into two equal groups for the purpose of a
research
. One group consumes alcohol whereas the other group remains sober. All the
participants are then asked to perform a potentially dangerous act
. Which of the
following developments is likely in this case?
a
. The group that has not consumed alcohol will not use cognitive component.
b
. The group that consumed alcohol will not use cognitive component.
c
. The group that consumed alcohol will not use affective component.
d
. The group that consumed alcohol is more likely to perform the dangerous act.
16
. Arthur leads a team of fifteen people and makes decisions without consulting the
members
. Arthur believes that the decisions that he make are the best and his team
members are happy with the decisions
. However, his team members are not contented
with many of Arthur’s decisions
. Arthur is experiencing a(n) _____.
a
. cognitive conflict
b
. false consensus bias
c
. representativeness heuristic
d
. availability heuristic
17
. You tend to accept social norms and follow your peers to be accepted by them more
generally
. This tendency is referred to as _____.
a
. other-concern
b
. kin selection
c
. self-concern
d
. evolutionary adaptation

18. People want to go beyond their negative expectations and prevent those expectations
from biasing their judgments
. What prevents them from making such adjustments?
a
. The problem of availability bias
b
. The process of mental anchoring
c
. The problem of cognitive dissonance
d
. The process of controlled thinking
19
. Albert takes a logic test. He expects a high score but scores low in the test. This error in
judgment is caused by _____
.
a
. anchoring and adjustment
b
. counterfactual thinking
c
. false consensus bias
d
. overconfidence
20
. When existing schemas change on the basis of new information we call the process:
a
. accommodation.
b
. assimilation.
c
. transformation.
d
. restructuring.
21
. Which of the following will occur to people when the sympathetic nervous system is
activated?
a
. They become emotionally stable and act responsibly.
b
. People will get exhausted and lose their senses completely.
c
. Increased blood pressure, heart rate, and perspiration results in them.
d
. Low heart rate, reduced metabolism, and lethargy are the consequences.
22
. Which of the following observations is true about basic emotions?
a. These emotions require systematic interpretation
.
b. These emotions happen very quickly
.
c. These emotions are more cognitively based
.
d. These emotions provide us with complex feelings about our social worlds
.

23. How do men and women differ in terms of emotions?
a. Women report being less open to experiencing emotions
.
b. Unlike men, women do not experience secondary emotions
.
c. Unlike women, men do not experience secondary emotions
.
d. Women more accurately identify emotions in others than men
. 

24. Charles experiences depression after consuming a drug that is meant to instigate
happiness
. Charles is less likely to attribute the feeling of depression to the drug if
________
.
a
. he is informed about the nature of the drug
b
. he is experiencing some form of arousal
c
. he is unaware of the effects of the drug
d
. he is experiencing arousal from an external source

25. How does stress contribute to heart disease?
a. Stress increases the production of blood within the body
.
b. Stress reduces the ability of the blood vessels to conduct blood through the arteries
.
c. Stress causes an increase in the radius of blood vessels and arteries
.
d. Stress causes changes in the DNA
. 
26. How do depressed people behave?
a. They interact more with people and hide emotions
.
b. They estimate the level public attention on them accurately
.
c. They tend to avoid social interactions altogether
.
d. They tend to have fewer health problems
. 

27. Which of the following is a potential disadvantage of using self-report measures?
a
. Self-report measurement methods involve complicated procedures and steps.
b
. Such measures do not provide participants’ answers to the operational definitions.
c
. Self-report measurement methods cannot be included in a survey.
d
. People’s insights into their own opinions and behaviors need not be perfect.
28
. Samuel was told that if he waits for another month, he would get a 30 percent
discount on his favorite brand of TV
. However, Samuel buys the TV immediately, though
he wanted the deal
. This is an example of low _____.
a
. self-efficacy
b
. self-esteem
c
. self-defense
d
. self-regulation

29. An American student is less likely than a Korean student to believe that asking for help would ________.
a
. better relationships with others
b
. reduce criticism on self
c
. increase group harmony
d
. make the problems worse

30. Linda finds it easier to remember concepts when she relates them to her experiences.
Which of the following effects causes this?
a
. Framing effect
b
. Halo effect
c
. Self-presentation effect
d
. Self-reference effect
31
. Choose the correct answer based on the statements given below.
Statement 1: We can learn about people’s self-concept by asking them to describe it
.
Statement 2: Not all aspects of our self-concepts are equally accessible at all times
.
a
. Both the statements are valid
b
. Only statement 1 is correct
c
. Only statement 2 is correct
d
. Both the statements are invalid
32
. The outcome of an empirical study will be based on _____.
a
. researchers’ ability to distinguish facts that are obvious
b
. collection of data that exists within a system for independent scrutiny
c
. researchers’ commonsensical conclusions and judgments
d
. collection and systematic analysis of observable data
33
. Daniel dresses well when he is likely to garner others’ attention. He cares little about his
grooming when he is at home
. This behavior is indicative of his _____.
a
. self-complexity
b
. private self-consciousness
c
. internal self-image
d
. public self-consciousness

34. Which of the following is a valid observation of the Implicit Association Test?
a
. It is a test used to measure self-control.
b
. It can provide an accurate picture of self-concept.
c
. It is a direct method of measuring self-esteem.
d
. It is performed without the involvement of the participants. 

35. Floyd uses flattery to influence his supervisor. Which of the following is the self presentation strategy that he is using?
a
. Self-promotion
b
. Supplication
c
. Ingratiation
d
. Intimidation

36. Expert communicators are not perceived as trustworthy when _____.
a
. their statements are subjective to external causes
b
. they directly advocate a product
c
. they use an advanced communication channel
d
. their attitude toward the product is negative

37. Cecelia has the ability to adjust well with people of different cultures and is capable of
reading others’ emotions
. She behaves differently to different people. Which of the
following observations of Cecelia’s self is valid?
a
. She is not good at self-presentation
b
. She has low self-esteem
c
. She is a high self monitor
d
. She does not have a self-concept

38. Diana analyzes her own status by weighing herself against her colleagues and friends.
This process can be called _____
.
a
. social identification
b
. deindividuation
c
. social comparison
d
. self actualization
39
. Which of the following exemplifies upward social comparison?
a
. David tries to improve his performance by comparing him with a better performing
employee
.
b
. Stephen behaves in ways that match the standards set by others in the society.
c
. Jayne has a clear sense of personal identity and abstains from comparing her
performance with others
.
d
. Howard compares his performance in an exam with the average performance of the
candidates who took the exam
.
40
. Which of the following is a valid observation of strong attitudes?
a
. Strong attitudes are activated rather slowly.
b
. Strong attitudes come to our minds irregularly.
c
. Strong attitudes occur with intense thought process.
d
. Strong attitudes are cognitively accessible.
41
. People’s attitude toward their parents is universally positive. Which of the following is a
valid explanation of this occurrence?
a
. The attitude is jointly created by affect, behavior and cognition.
b
. The attitude toward parents is not cognitively accessible.
c
. The attitude is driven by emotions and lack cognitive components. 

d. The attitude is inconsistent with people’s behaviors.
42
. Which of the following statements is consistent with the concept of the sleeper effect?
a
. People tend to value information obtained from similar people more than others.
b
. People perceive expert communicators as trustworthy sources of information.
c
. People tend to group together information obtained from similar sources.
d
. People may consider untrustworthy information to be true in due course.
43
. Some emotional ads may be successful though they do not discuss the products’
features
. Which of the following is the reason for this?
a
. People use their cognitive intelligence when making decisions.
b
. Such ads create a positive affect with the viewers.
c
. People buy products only when they are emotionally attached to it.
d
. Such ads create cognitive dissonance to perplex people.
44
. An employee fails to meet the deadline of a project. He believes that it is his mistake
although the deadline was unreasonable
. This is an example of _____.
a
. insufficient justification
b
. postdecisional dissonance
c
. inoculation
d
. over justification
45
. Which of the following persuasion techniques is suitable if a salesperson feels that he
should not introduce a costly product to the customer right away?
a
. Bait and switch technique
b
. Foot-in-the-door technique
c
. Low-ball technique
d
. Direct demand technique
46
. Penny has certain powers over Mitchell. Using these powers she tries to change
Mitchell’s behaviors
. This is an example of using
a
. Social adaptation
b
. Social intelligence
c
. Social cognition
d
. Social influence
47
. Rebecca is an emotional and aggressive individual. She expresses strong emotions and
often fights with her husband
. Betty, Rebecca’s daughter, also behaved like Rebecca
during her childhood
. Which of the following types of learning initiated Betty’s
behavior?
a
. Associational
b
. Instrumental
c
. Operant
d
. Observational

48. A Child attempts to climb on a table in the living room and falls down. The child learns
from this experience and withdraws his attempt to climb on to the table
. This is an
example of _____ learning
.
a
. operant
b
. respondent
c
. associational
d
. observational
49
. Debra Harris is a strong baseball supporter. She keeps track of the latest developments
in baseball and talks about it recurrently
. Debra’s _____ for baseball is very high.
a
. false consensus bias
b
. base rate
c
. inconsequentiality
d
. cognitive accessibility
50
. Robert joins the military as a Second Lieutenant. Robert is highly confident that he is
capable of performing the duties that are assigned to him
. This refers to his _____.
a
. Self-control
b
. self-regulation
c
. self-help
d
. self-efficacy

 

 

 

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